Intelligence

Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is any unclassified information, in any medium, that is generally available to the public, even if its distribution is limited or only available upon payment.


When reporting on OSINT you should consider and include;

    -   Is the website an authoritative source or not
    -   Who is the registered owner of the website
    -   When does the information date from
    -   Have you identified the IP Addresses linked to any Social Networking comments
    -   Is the information believed to be genuine or not
    -   Could it be misinformation or a joke


When dealing with OSINT then it should be analysed & treated like any other Intelligence. The following links may help in undertaking your research and analysing your findings, which are shown in date order, with oldest first;

UK Law Enforcement
    - The ACPO / NPIA Manual of Guidance on the Management Of Police Information, dating from 2010,
      including the 5x5x5 Information/Intelligence Reporting system used by the Police in the UK and the
      ACPO Good Practice Guide for Digital Evidence dating from 2012.

    - Police Scotland Internet, Research & Investigations Standard Operating Procedures, dating from 2013
      and slightly redacted but still useful.

    - The ACPO Guidance on Online Research & Investigation, & Supplement, which dates from 2013

    - The Trading Standards Intelligence Operating Model, which was produced in 2013 by the National Trading
      Standards Board and introduced a National Intelligence Framework to support the work of Trading Standards
      Officers

    - The 2013 / 2014 Annual Report from the Chief Surveillance Commissioner, including on the use of online social
      media sites (page 20) by law enforcement in the UK.

    - The Metropolitan Police Internet & Social Media Use Guidance dating from 2014, which was obtained from a
      previous Freedom Of Information request

    - The UK College Of Policing Intelligence Report breakdown, under the new 3x5x2 system, dating from 2015

    - The NPCC Digital Investigation and Intelligence Guide, which dates from 2015

    - The NPCC Guidance On Open Source Investigations / Research, redacted and dating from 2015

    - The 2017 Annual Report from the Investigatory Powers Commissioner, including on the use of social media sites
      by law enforcement in the UK.

    - The Home Office Revised Code of Practice For Covert Surveillance and Property Interference, dating from
      2018

    - The Hampshire Constabulary Policy Document On Open Source Investigation And Research, dating from 2019

    - The NPCC Internet Intelligence & Investigations Strategy, dating from 2019

    - The Essex Police Policy On Open Source & Social Media dating from 2019, which was obtained from a
      previous Freedom Of Information request

American Documents
    - NATO's Open Source Intelligence Reader, OSINT Handbook and Intelligence Exploitation of the Internet
      which date from 2001/2002 but are still a relevant read

    - The NSA's report on untangling the web, dating from 2007

    - The US Congress report on Open Source Intelligence, dating from 2007

    - The CIA's breakdown of OSINT, dating from 2010

    - The US Army's Open Source Intelligence report dating from 2012, which includes on page 22, a guide to
      rating Open Source Reliability & Credibility






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